It’s 9:27 PM in my wall clock, Dec 31. Let’s forget the world in 2 hours and 33 minutes.
Happy New Year to all. Whew.
The Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines specifies a natural-born Filipino for a President. Why? Because all Philippine constitutions starting 1935 said so. But why?
Because Filipinos, mostly and easily, usually copied from mother U.S.A. which they have always esteemed as the greatest country in the world. I guess, framers of the first Philippine constitution after the Filipino revolution of 1896, easily saw senses so broad and without much labor. They saw them working well somewhere.
The Americans assumed the Philippines from the Spaniards after the Spanish-American war in 1898. They also inherited the Filipino revolution against Spain that, except for a few leaders on the run and in hiding, they almost totally crushed by 1903. The Philippines thus was a U.S. territory until 1934 when it became a Commonwealth Republic, which was granted independence in 1946. The 1935 Commonwealth constitution was carried on until the time of President Marcos. The Philippines also celebrated its National Independence the same day America celebrated its, which is July 4th. Just like copy and paste.
“…senses so broad and without much labor.” That, folks, is actually an impression, an opinion. Because every time somebody questions anything whether constitutional or not, Supreme Court always has an answer. Fact is, while the constitutions specify natural-born for a President, they never specifically stated why.
Is “natural-born” Filipino citizen just a matter of legal technicality or is it there purposely?
Currently controversial is the issue of birth and citizenship of Senator Grace Poe, a candidate to run for President. Since there is a case in court right now regarding them, this article is not really about her though we might be doing some scratching on surfaces of the matter. Something in general.
The case is not with the regular courts actually, but one filed with the SET or Senate Electoral Tribunal – for disqualification when Ms Poe won in the 2013 senatorial election. Considering the urgency of the question, the tribunal seems to have found the case hard to decide. It’s now 2015 and Ms Poe, now set to run for 2016 Presidency, is facing the same unresolved issues. This is understandable enough because the SET has three  from the Judiciary and six  from the Senate comprising its body, and not really one wholly comprised by people of the bar. Traditional politics is always a probable factor to play in a body like this
Ms Poe topped the 2013 senatorial race, running in the administration line-up. A candidate carried by more than one party, actually. Being a fresh and untarnished face in politics, and known daughter of actor king Fernando Poe Jr. and actress queen Susan Roces, she topped in popularity. They rode on her, she rode on them, so to say. She made past elections topnotch like Gloria M. Arroyo and Loren Legarda seem small. But we are going a-side.
Where were we? Ah, doing some revisiting of the constitutions… I found it amusing that they mentioned natural-born for a president but never exactly said why. So I guess much is left to common sense. And since they are English words, well established English dictionaries could also provide meanings and clues.
While questioned whether or not she is a natural-born Filipino, I think there is a deeper question, which is about her citizenship itself. She is a declared foundling. She is married to an American. One time in her life she migrated to the U.S.A. She became an American citizen and reproduced children who are Americans. She came back to the Philippines and [reacquired her Philippine citizenship]. I think she needs lots of clearings to do for herself.
ARTICLE IV Citizenship, Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines.
SECTION 5. Dual allegiance of citizens is inimical to the national interest and shall be dealt with by law.
Aw, I forgot. Where were we? Ah, a natural-born citizen for a president. Why?
Ive been browsing the net for world events when I stumbled on these. I decided to snatch and reprint the articles than simply link to them, instead. I think they are quite intriguing:
MANILA: Philippine President Benigno Aquino has called on lawmakers to pass a bill endorsing a pact aimed at ending a decades-long Muslim separatist rebellion, warning them they would otherwise start counting “body bags.”
Aquino had wanted the bill, which would give autonomy to the majority Catholic nation’s Muslim minority in the south, passed this month.
But Congress suspended debates on the proposed law in the face of public outrage over the killings of 44 police commandoes by guerrillas in a botched anti-terror raid in January.
The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), which signed a peace deal a year ago Friday, had said its members fired in self-defense at the commandoes, who passed through a rebel camp while going after militants.
“This is the crossroads we face: we take pains to forge peace today, or we count body bags tomorrow,” Aquino said in a nationwide television address.
“Perhaps it is easy for you to push for all-out war,” he said, hitting out at critics who have condemned the peace deal with the MILF.
“But if the conflict grows, the number of Filipinos shooting at other Filipinos will grow, and it would not be out of the question that a friend or loved one be one of the people who will end up inside a body bag.”
The rebellion for a separate state or self-rule has claimed nearly 120,000 lives and cost billions of dollars in economic losses, according to government estimates.
Under a peace deal signed with the MILF, the 10,000-member group pledged to disarm while the Philippine government vowed to pass an autonomy law in Muslim areas of the south.
“The Bangsamoro basic law is one of the most important proposed bills of our administration. It answers the two most pressing problems of our countrymen: poverty and violence,” Aquino said.
He warned it would be difficult to restart peace talks if the current process failed and the MILF leadership lost its influence among its members to more radical elements.
Aquino is required by the constitution to stand down in mid-2016 after serving a single six-year term.
The January police raid sought to capture or kill two men on the US government’s list of “most wanted terrorists” who were living among Muslim rebels in southern Philippine farming communities.
One of the men, Malaysian national Zulkifli bin Hir who had a $5-million bounty on his head, was reported killed.
But the other, Filipino Abdul Basit Usman, escaped as rebels surrounded and killed the police commandoes.
No, Mr. President, “total war” is too big a phrase to use. Let’s forget the big joke called Bangsamoro Basic Law and let law and order, no one above the law, take their course for all Filipinos irregardless of ethnic and religious affiliations.
No, Mr President, it is not autonomy the MILF, co-author of Bangsamoro Basic Law, is demanding for Muslim Filipinos. We already have the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao [ARMM] long established in there since 1989. The Mindanao Islamic Liberation Front sees itself as different from Filipinos.They hope to cut away southern Philippines – territory and its people.
Also, poverty and rebellion are common, national problems of Filipinos. They will need blanket solutions for patch-up.
Yes, Mr. President, nothing is free. Whichever way people choose to take they will have to pay no less.
Except for one comment seen bellow, Arab News decided to close for comments on the article. I think, what we see there is just a sample, the tip, of Filipinos who are sick and tired of double talks and treachery.
Filipinos demand no more than their rights and they are prepared to pay.
This comment from PNoy shows his understanding of the situation is not sufficient to resolve the Mindanao muslim dilemna. He wants to capitulate to the demands of the Bangsamoro, or else our side suffers? That is a perspective from a position of weakness. He means to tell us that it is a certainty that we would be counting body-bags? Who will be in those body bags? Our personnel? This is the mentality of an over-cautious, vision-less and pessimistic coward and sloth. The first thing we need to do is assess the situation, and what the consequences of our actions will be. We also have to consider our position, or what our rightful place is. We are the sovereign Filipino people, and our antagonists are the MILF, its comrades the BIFF, JIM, and other muslim bandit groups, and the NDF. We are the superior, and they are the inferior. So, we do not treat them as if they are equal to us. We don’t even need to negotiate with them, but it is they who need to negotiate with us. We should always keep in mind that we do not accede to their unreasonable demands, specially if they threaten us with unprovoked retaliation if they don’t get their way. No one is above the law, most specially those who have demonstrated their defiance of the law. So, the best way to do this is to end this conflict once and for all, and that is to direct our Armed Forces to exterminate these criminals, rebels, secessionists and terrorists. /// [This is a cut version from its original, cut by rltjs.wordpress.com ]