The proposed Federal form of government consisting of eleven States is short. That is if we indulge in tribalism, which is one of the causes of the turmoil now in the south, as basis for the creation of this proposed federation of eleven States.
We already have the 10 Bornean Datu, or what became of them. Originally, four (4) of them settled in Panay and six (6) of them settled in Luzon. This will leave one slot to be settled by Eastern Visayas, the northern group like the Cordilleras, and the southern groups. Never mind others like the Chinese Filipinos. They are good at survival. They are well distributed and well assimilated everywhere in the country. And they are not interested in any territory except titled properties.
History is not clear why our Eastern Visayan cousins were not mentioned among the Group of Ten. I guess Filipinos did not want to talk about it to have passed it down generations.
I imagine the Cebuanos woke up one morning, angry, cursing and spitting. “Ang mga Muklo! How could they have the heart to leave their cousins behind without a word!” They probably uttered them in disgust. And they decided that they must follow suit or else Sultan Makatunao might make bowling balls of their heads! [Hiligaynon: maka capable of, able to + tunaw melt] Anyway, I came from the tribe of Datu Sumakwel. Surely my slot in the eleven proposed States is secured, and I don’t talk for the others. But we expect Palawan and Cotabato, at least, as part of our State, Republic, State within a State, whatever. And since the Tagbanua and the Kuyonin are splinters of the old Hiligaynon group, we are claiming the Mindoro to include the Romblon and the Masbate groups of islands. 🙂
The ten Bornean Datu, although without any articulate or signed articles to show it, by conspiring and acting as one, were in fact a federation under the natural and mutual leadership of Datu Puti. We had a case of desertion, a secession or rebellion, that happened in old Borneo during the time when the frontiers was vast.
I suppose: Going north in mind, hugging or moving closely by the coastlines of Mindanao, naturally going northward and eastward, the ten Bornean Datu decided to make a perfect sharp turn to north at the point where it appeared that they could be going back south. The First major island that they had come upon was Negros today that they called Buglas, which is believed to be the word for North Star known to some as Polaris.
Deciding to take the western side of the island, again exploring northward and then turning eastward, there loomed [Panay]. Impressed only by the mountainous ranges close to the shores of southern Negros, they decided to explore Panay. Awed by what surely appeared like great plains (pan’ay, pan’hay, or pantay in Tagalog, meaning: leveled, equal, all the same), the Hiligaynon group then decided the place was just right, the end of exodus. By mutual relationship or common sense, the Liwayway group naturally, must simply find a place that suits them. And they settled for no less than [Luzon].
A vast paradise with many ideal lusong – a movable piece of cut log hollowed at midpoint where rice is pound with wooden pestles, deep recess, must have been the impression of the island. [Liwayway, Hiligaynon and Sugbuhanon A-ba-ka-da did not have C, F, J, Q, V, X and Z]
Mga Bicolano are cross of Ilonggo and Tagalog but I guess they liked Datu Puti more than they liked Datu Sumakwel. Maybe Sumakwel was poor at making people laugh. 🙂
It must have been perfect with Buglas there for the Sugbuhano group in case they followed. But the Sugbuhano, of equal intelligence and instincts, upon seeing [Negros Island], must have smelled mga muklo just around the bend.
Maybe they had spat on their locked fingers never again to talk to their cousins! They must have turned starboard where they discovered their new homeland that people now call Cebu. [sugbu/subu/sebu in Hiligaynon means to temper (steel), to dive into (water)]
I think there it is. The dread Sultan Makatunao produced weapons and the Cebuanos were among his favorite craftsmen-slaves! 🙂
So, for a time until after the Spaniards came, Buglas was un-inhabited except by aboriginal Aetas and a few scattered adventurous Malays. Because tattooed individuals that Miguel Legazpi spoke of in 1565, is of Malay culture. Maybe Legazpi had heard of the Aetas who were shy and who probably always hid in the jungles, but did not see them. And more so since black Aetas, most often victims than culprits of abuse by Malays, did not fancy themselves with charcoal tattoos! It might have been sun-burned Malays Legazpi saw so that the Spaniards called the island Negros. Anyway, that were many centuries ago, and cousins together again, have long time ago drank Basi and Tubâ before beer came. 🙂
Mass migration from Panay to Negros, much of them under Spanish rule, came only in the 18th and 19th century when commercial agriculture – sugar – was being developed. At about the same period, the eastern side of the island was also being settled from Cebu. That explains Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental provinces, today.
But so much about history and culture as I had my head upon my hands on the pillow. So, how would federalism be today? Let’s look at our east. There is the United States of America (USA). Hmm, not bad. It’s one of the best in the world today, I should say… To our west, there is the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), or what is left of it – after Kazakhstan, Georgia, others, decided to stand on their own. [Copycats! They copied the Philippines and the Southern Philippines’ experience!]
Which way, or where from, now Philippines?
After independence of U.S. Commonwealth in 1946, we had been in Presidential system… that we changed to Parliamentary… only to be reverted to Presidential… that now is proposed by some to be reverted back to Parliamentary – Federal Parliamentary.
Probably we could buy USA experience. We can copy them word for word. But we are Filipinos. Let’s think and put originality, realities, over this federalism. We are peculiar. We promote tribalism. We are corrupt. We are too much Trapo. We can go pendulum between two systems and they are doomed to fail, not unless weaknesses are handled properly, placed in their proper perspectives, are eradicated or diminished. It’s not the systems. It’s the people – the internal conditions of society in general, the present state of mind of the people. What if this proposed new form of Federation won’t work and cannot work?
While I am trying to visualize American federalism in the Philippines, its funny that I am seeing the picture of Russia and Yugoslavia. And I am still seeing the same Southern Philippines but a little bit different. I see Croatia, Serbia, Kazakhstan, Georgia, etc instead of Mindanao. Not rebellions but turmoils of nations.
Didn’t tomorrow already came yesterday?
Add to your vocabulary folks. Muklo ( mok lô ) [ Modern, Hiligaynon. plural mga muklo ] Creep. One that sees only itself or things near it.